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A historical and continuous role:
Egypt has played a historical role in the African continent in order to liberate African countries from colonialism and unite their efforts to achieve a comprehensive renaissance in all fields by establishing the Organization of African Unity (OAU). Egypt was one of the founding States of the Organization in 1963, and continued to play its important role since the 1950s to date, as the late President Gamal Abdel Nasser was one of the founding fathers of the Organization of African Unity and an icon of struggle and national liberation in Africa and all the countries that suffered from colonialism.
Egypt was one of the first countries to sign and ratify the Constitutive Act of the African Union, and it assumed the chairmanship of the Organization of African Unity in 1964, 1989 and 1993. Egypt has also hosted the 11th Ordinary Session of the African Union Conference in Sharm El Sheikh in June/July 2008.
Since the President of the Republic Abdel Fattah al-Sisi assumed Egypt's presidency, he has sought to play an active and effective role in the various mechanisms of joint African action, as he has endeavored to maximize the Egyptian role in Africa by activating cooperation between Egypt and its African brothers in all fields. This included holding several visits and receiving African officials in Egypt, with the signing of many bilateral agreements between Egypt and African countries during these visits in order to support economic cooperation. Egypt was also keen on activating technical cooperation with African countries via the pivotal role of the Egyptian Agency of Partnership for Development, which is affiliated to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in expertise transfer and cadre-building through the training courses offered to African countries, in addition to providing humanitarian assistance and grants to our African brothers.
Egypt's activity at the level of Africa:
Egypt has hosted several important African events such as the COMESA - EAC - SADC Tripartite Summit in 2015, during which the Agreement on the Establishment of a tripartite Free Trade Area between the Three Economic Communities was signed, as well as the 7th Annual High-Level African Union Retreat for Special Envoys and Mediators on the Promotion of Peace, Security and Stability in 2016 to discuss ways to achieve peace and security in the continent, in addition to holding the Africa Investment Forum for 2016, 2017 and 2018.
Egypt's efforts in Africa and its keenness on realizing development in the continent were reflected in the assumption of the Egyptian President of the Republic of the post of the Coordinator of the Committee of African Heads of State and Government on Climate Change (CAHOSCC) from 2015 to 2017. Egypt is also one of the first countries that signed the Agreement establishing the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) during the AU Extraordinary Summit in Kigali on 21 March 2018, in order to create jobs that would improve the standard of living of the continent's citizens.
Egypt believes that one of the key means to achieving development in Africa lies in the implementation of mega-projects in the field of infrastructure to facilitate trade by linking between the countries of the continent and investing human and natural resources. In this regard, Egypt was keen on as suming the position of the AU Commissioner for Infrastructure and Energy by the Egyptian national Dr. Elham Mahmoud who held the post from January 2008 until April 2017. Dr. Amani Abu Zeid was then elected to the same post for four years starting from April 2017.
As per the peace and security structure, Egypt ratified the Protocol establishing the Peace and Security Council in 2005, and was elected as a member of the Council for the Northern Region during 2007 and 2008, and was again elected to the Council for a two-year term starting March 2012. Egypt was also elected for a three-year term as for the Northern Region from April 2016, when the country chaired the Council in September 2016 and in January 2018. It should be noted that Egypt launched the initiative to create a mechanism of consultation between the AU Peace and Security Council and the UN Security Council in order to enhance cooperation between the African Union and the United Nations to resolve related issues. Moreover, the President of the Republic convened a presidential session of the Council under his chairmanship on the sidelines of the AU summit in January 2018 under the theme: "Towards a Comprehensive Approach to Combatting the Transnational Threat of Terrorism in Africa". The Nouakchott summit in July 2018 also approved Egypt's bid to host the African Union Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Development center (AU PCRD), through which Egypt and African countries will promote peace and security in order to achieve comprehensive development in the continent.