Human Rights

​Egypt and Human Rights:


  • The Foreign Ministry's interaction with human rights issues at the international level is stemmed from an integrated vision which is premised on establishing channels of dialogue and cooperation with the various stakeholders and relevant mechanisms. It also reflects the special attention that Egypt attaches to these issues and its respect for international human rights conventions and its international commitments in this regard clearly enshrined in the Egyptian constitution.

  • The President of the Republic took office in July 2014 underscoring Egypt's vision and commitment in this regard, especially with the ongoing preparations in the run up to the country’s participation in the Universal Periodic Review mechanism of the Human Rights Council, the highest organ within the United Nations concerned with human rights issues. This mechanism involves a comprehensive assessment of the human rights issues and records in all the United Nations Member States, including all international rights and obligations related to civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, based on three reports (the national report provided by each State / the UN Report containing the views of the human rights treaty bodies and the special mandate holders/ the Report of stakeholders in the State under review including national human rights institutions and non-governmental organizations, which is the National Council for Human Rights as for Egypt).

  • The Human Rights Council discussed the various dimensions of the Egyptian report, as well as the data and assessment of the situation in Egypt provided by the UN mechanisms and the human rights institutions. The review process ended with the adoption of the Egyptian government's report in line with the appreciation expressed by Member States for the achievements realized in terms of the democratization process in Egypt, and the Egyptian State actions aimed at ensuring consistency of the national legal structure with Egypt's international obligations, providing the necessary protection for the various rights of its citizens, including civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, and extending the protection network to encompass all sectors of society, as Egypt accepted 82% of the recommendations submitted to it, which asserts the openness of the Egyptian State to interaction with the various proposals presented to it, and studying them methodologically in order to maximize their benefits, while engaging in parallel in enhancing the national agenda to protect the Egyptian citizens’ rights and activating the various constitutional guarantees.

  • Egypt's election to a seat on the UN Human Rights Council in October 2016 demonstrated the international recognition of the steps and measures taken by the country to uphold the values of human rights and the rule of law, and crowned the Egyptian diplomacy’s role and efforts in highlighting the progress achieved in this regard despite the difficult regional state of affairs the Organization witnesses.​

  • Egypt has also devised several initiatives in the context of the work of the Human Rights Council, the Third Committee of the General Assembly, and the United Nations system in general, in an effort to ensure that the structure is developed in a manner that takes into account the Egyptian visions, and achieves in parallel a balance in the international agenda concerned with respecting Human rights so as to reflect the importance of economic, social and cultural issues, and to support the capability of developing countries to face the various challenges, mainly achieving development, social stability, and countering terrorism and organized crime. In this context, Egypt has made a number of initiatives related to the effects of terrorism on enjoying human rights, and the right to work, as well as returning looted capitals to the States from which they were taken, in addition to its coordination with developing countries on various issues in terms of the right to development, alike the human rights to education, to health, to food and poverty reduction.

  • Egypt is an active and effective actor in many human rights treaty bodies, as highly efficient Egyptian experts have participated in a number of these committees, so as to help achieve the required balance in the work of these committees, and ensure concerns of the African, Arab, Islamic and other developing countries are voiced within the UN structure.